Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Infection of the Lymph Glands Overview

Another name for Infection of the Lymph Glands is Lymphadenitis.

What is lymphadenitis?
A person with lymphadenitis has inflammation of the lymph nodes, usually caused by a bacterial infection. However, viral infections can also cause lymphadenitis. Lymphadenitis causes the lymph glands to become swollen and tender.

What are the symptoms of lymphadenitis?
Lymph gland swelling and tenderness are the most common symptoms of lymphadenitis. Additional symptoms of lymphadenitis include fever, chills, headache, and red streaks on the skin.

How does the doctor treat lymphadenitis?
Treatment for lymphadenitis may include rest, warm compresses, elevation, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain. Additional treatment for lymphadenitis caused by a bacterial infection may include antibiotics, or surgery to remove infected tissue.

Continue to Infection of the Lymph Glands Risk Factors

Last Updated: Aug 27, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Infection of the Lymph Glands References
  1. Bhat NA, Hock YL, Turner NO, Das Gupta AR. Kikuchi's disease of the neck (histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis). J Laryngol Otol. 1998 Sep;112(9):898-900. [9876390]
  2. Brook I, Frazier EH. Microbiology of cervical lymphadenitis in adults. Acta Otolaryngol. 1998 Jun;118(3):443-6. [9655225]
  3. Chao SS, Loh KS, Tan KK, Chong SM. Tuberculous and nontuberculous cervical lymphadenitis: a clinical review. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002 Feb;126(2):176-9. [11870349]
  4. Durlach RA, Kaufer F, Carral L, Hirt J. Toxoplasmic lymphadenitis--clinical and serologic profile. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2003 Jul;9(7):625-31. [12925102]
  5. Giovagnorio F, Rusticali A, Araneo AL. Color and pulsed Doppler evaluation of benign and malignant adenopathy. Clin Imaging. 1997 May-Jun;21(3):163-9. [9156303]
  6. Sang H, Wu B, Zhang X. Cervical lymphadenitis caused by Candida albicans. Mycoses. 2003;46(9-10):422-4. [14622393]
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