Infection of the Bronchial Tubes Chronic Treatment
Treatment for chronic bronchitis usually includes the avoidance of smoking and secondary smoke, and bronchodilator medications for wheezing. Oral and inhaled corticosteroid medications are used to reduce inflammation in the air passageways for those who have asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). When a bacterial infection causes worsening symptoms, antibiotics may reduce symptoms and shorten the course of the illness.
Treatment for chronic bronchitis includes:
- Stop smoking
- Avoid exposure to secondary smoke
- Medications to control wheezing, cough, secretions, and breathing difficulty
Medications for chronic bronchitis may include:
- Expectorant cough medications:
- Antibiotics for acute bronchitis:
- Erythromycin (EES, E-Mycin, Ery-Tab)
- Clarithromycin (Biaxin)
- Azithromycin (Zithromax)
- Tetracycline (Sumycin)
- Doxycycline (Bio-Tab, Doryx, Vibramycin)
- Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim)
- Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
- Ofloxacin (Floxin)
- Levofloxacin (Levaquin)
- Cephalosporin antibiotics
- Bronchodilator medications:
- Oral corticosteroids:
- Inhaled corticosteroids
- Antiviral medications:
Infection of the Bronchial Tubes Chronic Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of chronic bronchitis.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Do I need to lose weight?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- Will I need physical therapy?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for having this problem again?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Infection of the Bronchial Tubes Chronic Specialist
- Brunton S, Carmichael BP, Colgan R, Feeney AS, Fendrick AM, Quintiliani R, Scott G. Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis: a primary care consensus guideline. Am J Manag Care. 2004 Oct;10(10):689-96. 
- Martinez FJ, Anzueto A. Appropriate outpatient treatment of acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. Am J Med. 2005 Jul;118(Suppl 7A):39S-44S. 
- Panpanich R, Lerttrakarnnon P, Laopaiboon M. Azithromycin for acute lower respiratory tract infections. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004 Oct 18;(4):CD001954. 
- Schmier JK, Halpern MT, Higashi MK, Bakst A. The quality of life impact of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECB): a literature review. Qual Life Res. 2005 Mar;14(2):329-47.