Infected Sinuses Drugs
There are a variety of drugs that are useful in the treatment of sinusitis.
Oral nasal decongestants may relieve sinus congestion making breathing easier. Decongestant nasal sprays are also very effective. These sprays should not be used for longer than 3-4 days. Prolonged use can worsen congestion.
Commonly recommended oral decongestants and nasal sprays include:
Antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine, may provide relief of nasal congestion in those with allergic sinusitis. Avoid antihistamines if you have allergic sinusitis, because the medication can thicken the mucus.
Commonly recommended oral antihistamines include:
Chronic allergic sinusitis may respond to nasal corticosteroid spray, such as Flonase or Nasacort. These medications reduce inflammation caused by exposure to allergens. Cromolyn is another medication that reduces inflammation.
Anti-inflammatories used to treat sinusitis include:
- Corticosteroid nasal sprays for sinusitis:
- Budesonide (Pulmicort Turbuhaler, Rhinocort)
- Fluticasone (Flonase, Flovent, Veramyst)
- Triamcinolone (Azmacort, Nasacort AQ)
- Ciclesonide (Omnaris)
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Ibuprin, Nuprin)
- Naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprosyn)
- Ketoprofen (Oruvail, Orudis, Actron)
- Cromolyn (NasalCrom)
Research has shown that viruses cause most cases of acute sinusitis. All cases of viral sinusitis and many cases of mild bacterial sinusitis do not improve with antibiotics. However, antibiotics may be necessary in acute sinusitis. Those with a fever, a thick or bloody nasal discharge and persistent facial pain may improve with an antibiotic. Culture of the sinus discharge may help to guide antibiotic selection. Antibiotic therapy may be necessary for 4 or more weeks in people with chronic bacterial sinusitis.
Commonly prescribed antibiotics for acute sinusitis include:
- Amoxicillin (Amoxil, Polymox, Trimox)
- Amoxicillin and clavulanate (Augmentin)
- Azithromycin (Zithromax)
- Cefdinir (Omnicef)
- Cefuroxime (Ceftin, Zinacef)
- Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
- Clarithromycin (Biaxin)
- Levofloxacin (Levaquin)
- Trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)
- Vancomycin (Vancocin, Lyphocin, Vancoled)
Continue to Infected Sinuses Questions For Doctor
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- Klossek JM, Federspil P. Update on treatment guidelines for acute bacterial sinusitis. Int J Clin Pract. 2005 Feb;59(2):230-8. 
- Mortimore S, Wormald PJ. Management of acute complicated sinusitis: a 5-year review. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999 Nov;121(5):639-42. 
- Oxford LE, McClay J. Complications of acute sinusitis in children. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Jul;133(1):32-7.