Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Infected Heart Valve Underlying Cause

Bacterial endocarditis is caused by bacteria that grow on the inner lining of the heart, or heart valves.

Bacterial endocarditis usually affects one or more of the heart valves:

  • Mitral valve:
    • Most commonly involved
  • Aortic valve
  • Tricuspid valve
  • Pulmonic valve:
    • Least commonly involved

Continue to Infected Heart Valve Types

Last Updated: Dec 1, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Infected Heart Valve References
  1. Bayer AS, Bolger AF, Taubert KA: Diagnosis and Management of Infective Endocarditis and Its Complications. Circulation 1998; 98: 2936-48. [9860802]
  2. Calza L, Manfredi R, Chiodo F. Infective endocarditis: a review of the best treatment options. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2004 Sep;5(9):1899-916. [15330728]
  3. Tak T, Dhawan S, Reynolds C, Shukla SK. Current diagnosis and treatment of infective endocarditis. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2003 Dec;1(4):639-54. [15482161]
  4. Wilson WR, Karchmer AW, Dajani AS: Antibiotic treatment of adults with infective endocarditis due to streptococci, enterococci, staphylococci, and HACEK microorganisms. American Heart Association. JAMA 1995 Dec 6; 274(21): 1706-13. [7474277]
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