Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Infected Gums Underlying Cause

Bacteria are normally present in the mouth. They convert sugars and starches into acids. A combination of bacteria, acid, food, and saliva form a sticky coating on the teeth, called plaque. Plaque can crystallize to form a very hard coating, called tartar. Plaque and tartar irritate the gums, causing gingivitis.

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Last Updated: Oct 2, 2007 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Infected Gums References
  1. Beirne P, Forgie A, Clarkson J, Worthington HV. Recall intervals for oral health in primary care patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Apr 18;(2):CD004346. [1584670]
  2. Ratcliff PA, Johnson PW. The relationship between oral malodor, gingivitis, and periodontitis. A review. J Periodontol. 1999 May;70(5):485-9. [10368052]
  3. Schatzle M, Loe H, Burgin W, Anerud A, Boysen H, Lang NP. Clinical course of chronic periodontitis. I. Role of gingivitis. J Clin Periodontol. 2003 Oct;30(10):887-901. [14710769]
  4. Trombelli L. Susceptibility to gingivitis: a way to predict periodontal disease? Oral Health Prev Dent. 2004;2 Suppl 1:265-9. [15646584]
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