Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Infected Bladder Underlying Cause

Facts about the cause of bladder infection:

  • Bacteria from the gastrointestinal tract cause the great majority of bladder infections, but fungi may also cause bladder infections.
  • Usually, the bacteria spread from the rectum, enter the urethra, spread through the urethra and enter the bladder. Once the organisms reach the bladder, they start to grow.

Continue to Infected Bladder Anatomy

Last Updated: Apr 3, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Infected Bladder References
  1. Engel JD, Schaeffer AJ: Evaluation of and antimicrobial therapy for recurrent urinary tract infections in women. Urol Clin North Am 1998 Nov; 25(4): 685-701. [10026775]
  2. Hooton TM, Scholes D, Gupta K, Stapleton AE, Roberts PL, Stamm WE. Amoxicillin-clavulanate vs ciprofloxacin for the treatment of uncomplicated cystitis in women: a randomized trial. JAMA. 2005 Feb 23;293(8):949-55. [15728165]
  3. Hooton TM, Scholes D, Hughes JP: A prospective study of risk factors for symptomatic urinary tract infection in young women. N Engl J Med 1996 Aug 15; 335(7): 468-74. [8672152]
  4. Malhotra SM, Kennedy WA. Urinary tract infections in children: treatment. Urol Clin North Am. 2004 Aug;31(3):527-34, x. [15313062]
  5. McCarty JM, Richard G, Huck W, et al: A randomized trial of short-course ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, or trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole for the treatment of acute urinary tract infection in women. Ciprofloxacin Urinary Tract Infection Group. Am J Med 1999 Mar; 106(3): 292-9. [10190377]
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