Infarcted Bowel Overview
Another name for Infarcted Bowel is Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion.
What is mesenteric vascular occlusion?
A person with an acute mesenteric vascular occlusion has a sudden narrowing or blockage in the arteries that supply blood to both the large and small intestines. Without blood supply, the intestines start to die. If the blood supply is not restored quickly the intestines are destroyed. Successful treatment depends on early diagnosis, which is difficult. The artery may be blocked by a clot that forms inside a mesenteric artery, or it may be blocked by a blood clot that travels from another location in the body, such as the heart, and becomes trapped inside a mesenteric artery. Mesenteric vascular occlusion is more common in those who have ischemic bowel disease or atherosclerotic vascular disease of the mesenteric vessels.
What are the symptoms of mesenteric vascular occlusion?
The symptoms of the mesenteric vascular occlusion include severe abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. Additional symptoms may include fever, rapid pulse, rapid breathing rate, low blood pressure, confusion, lethargy, and rectal bleeding.
How does the doctor treat mesenteric vascular occlusion?
The treatment for mesenteric vascular occlusion requires emergency surgery, in order to remove the clot and to remove damaged intestine.
Continue to Infarcted Bowel Symptoms
- Greenwald DA, Brandt LJ, Reinus JF. Ischemic bowel disease in the elderly. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2001 Jun;30(2):445-73. 
- Hansen KJ, Wilson DB, Craven TE, Pearce JD, English WP, Edwards MS, Ayerdi J, Burke GL. Mesenteric artery disease in the elderly. J Vasc Surg. 2004 Jul;40(1):45-52. 
- Hefny AF, Ahmed I, Branicki FJ, Ramadan K, Czechowski J, Abu-Zidan FM. Management of mesenteric vascular occlusion. Singapore Med J. 2008 Apr;49(4):316-9. 
- Leo PJ, Simonian HG. The role of serum phosphate level and acute ischemic bowel disease. Am J Emerg Med. 1996 Jul;14(4):377-9. 
- Schoots IG, Levi MM, Reekers JA, Lameris JS, van Gulik TM. Thrombolytic therapy for acute superior mesenteric artery occlusion. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2005 Mar;16(3):317-29.