Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Infant Megacolon Overview

Another name for Infant Megacolon is Congenital Megacolon.

What is congenital megacolon?
An infant with congenital megacolon is born with a rectum and colon that do not work properly because the nerves that stimulate the bowel are absent. Congenital megacolon causes dilation of the colon and rectum, as well as a build-up of stool in the colon and rectum. Congenital megacolon is usually inherited and may be associated with Down's syndrome.

What are the symptoms of congenital megacolon?
Congenital megacolon causes abdominal swelling and constipation, and vomiting, which is usually detected soon after birth.

How does the doctor treat congenital megacolon?
Treatment for congenital megacolon may include intravenous fluids, enemas, and surgery.

Continue to Infant Megacolon Symptoms

Last Updated: Feb 7, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Infant Megacolon References
  1. De Lorijn F, Reitsma JB, Voskuijl WP, Aronson DC, Ten Kate FJ, Smets AM, Taminiau JA, Benninga MA. Diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease: a prospective, comparative accuracy study of common tests. J Pediatr. 2005 Jun;146(6):787-92. [15973319]
  2. Pena A, Levitt MA. Colonic inertia disorders in pediatrics. Curr Probl Surg. 2002 Jul;39(7):666-730. [12085018]
  3. Swenson O. Hirschsprung's disease: a review. Pediatrics. 2002 May;109(5):914-8. [11986456]
  4. Tomita R, Ikeda T, Fujisaki S, Tanjoh K, Munakata K. Hirschsprung's disease and its allied disorders in adults' histological and clinical studies. Hepatogastroenterology. 2003 Jul-Aug;50(52):1050-3. [12845979]
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