Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Evaluation Treatment c-section external version Outlook Underlying Cause Types

Infant is Breech Types

There are three main types of breech position:

  • Frank breech:
    • The infant's hips are flexed and the knees are extended, with the feet near the shoulders. The infant's buttocks are delivered through the birth canal first.
  • Incomplete breech:
    • One, or both, of the infant's hips are flexed. One, or both, of the infant's legs are delivered through the birth canal first.
  • Complete Breech:
    • Both of the infant's knees are flexed rather than extended. The infant's buttocks are delivered through the birth canal first.

Last Updated: Dec 2, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Infant is Breech References
  1. Doyle NM, Riggs JW, Ramin SM, Sosa MA, Gilstrap LC. Outcomes of term vaginal breech delivery. Am J Perinatol. 2005 Aug;22(6):325-8. [16118722]
  2. Ghosh MK. Breech presentation: evolution of management. J Reprod Med. 2005 Feb;50(2):108-16. [15755047]
  3. Hofmeyr GJ. Interventions to help external cephalic version for breech presentation at term. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(1):CD000184. [14973948]
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