Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Infant Breath-Holding Symptoms

Symptoms of a breath-holding spell include:

  • The child vocalizes one or two long cries
  • The child holds his or her breath until the lips become blue
  • The child passes out
  • The child's limbs may become stiff or rigid
  • The child starts to breathe normally in less than 1 minute

Continue to Infant Breath-Holding Evaluation

Last Updated: Dec 2, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Infant Breath-Holding References
  1. Kelly AM, Porter CJ, McGoon MD, Espinosa RE, Osborn MJ, Hayes DL. Breath-holding spells associated with significant bradycardia: successful treatment with permanent pacemaker implantation. Pediatrics. 2001 Sep;108(3):698-702. [11533339]
  2. Okada K, Miyako M, Honma S, Wakabayashi Y, Sugihara S, Osawa M. Discharge diagnoses in infants with apparent life-threatening event. Pediatr Int. 2003 Oct;45(5):560-3. [14521532]
  3. Peterson AL, Campise RL, Azrin NH: Behavioral and pharmacological treatments for tic and habit disorders: a review. J Dev Behav Pediatr 1994 Dec; 15(6): 430-41. [7884015]
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