Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Increased Fluid Around the Brain Underlying Cause

The brain produces cerebrospinal fluid, which surrounds and protects the brain and spinal cord. The fluid flows around the brain and spinal cord, and is then drains into the bloodstream.

Normally, the production of cerebrospinal fluid is equal to the amount drained. Hydrocephalus occurs when the fluid builds up in the brain. This can be caused by an increase in production, obstruction to the flow, or reduced rate of drainage.

Causes include:

Continue to Increased Fluid Around the Brain Anatomy

Last Updated: Feb 3, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Increased Fluid Around the Brain References
  1. Bret P, Chazal J. Chronic (normal pressure) hydrocephalus in childhood and adolescence. A review of 16 cases and reappraisal of the syndrome. Childs Nerv Syst. 1995 Dec;11(12):687-91. [8750950]
  2. Cowan JA, McGirt MJ, Woodworth G, Rigamonti D, Williams MA. The syndrome of hydrocephalus in young and middle-aged adults (SHYMA). Neurol Res. 2005 Jul;27(5):540-7. [15978182]
  3. Hebb AO, Cusimano MD. Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a systematic review of diagnosis and outcome. Neurosurgery. 2001 Nov;49(5):1166-84. [11846911]
  4. Marmarou A, Young HF, Aygok GA, Sawauchi S, Tsuji O, Yamamoto T, Dunbar J. Diagnosis and management of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus: a prospective study in 151 patients. J Neurosurg. 2005 Jun;102(6):987-97. [16028756]
  5. Measuring the health status of children with hydrocephalus by using a new outcome measure. J Neurosurg. 2004 Nov;101(2 Suppl):141-6. [15835100]
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