Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura Types

Types of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura include acute and chronic forms.

Acute idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Acute ITP usually occurs after an infection in children between 2 to 9 years old. The child suddenly develops a rash that looks like broken blood vessels under the skin, bruises, and a nosebleed.

Acute ITP usually resolves within two months and rarely requires treatment.

Chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Chronic ITP is most common in adults. The illness may be present for only 6 months, or it can last for years. Chronic ITP is three times more common in women than men.

Continue to Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura Anatomy

Last Updated: Dec 16, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura References
  1. Gibson M, Sehon JK, White S, Zibari GB, Johnson LW. Splenectomy for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: a five-year retrospective review. Am Surg. 2000 Oct;66(10):952-4; discussion 955. [11261623]
  2. Kojouri K, George JN. Recent advances in the treatment of chronic refractory immune thrombocytopenic purpura. Int J Hematol. 2005 Feb;81(2):119-25. [15765779]
  3. Sandler SG. Review: immune thrombocytopenic purpura: an update for immunohematologists. Immunohematol. 2004;20(2):112-7. [15373659]
  4. Vesely SK, Perdue JJ, Rizvi MA, Terrell DR, George JN. Management of adult patients with persistent idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura following splenectomy: a systematic review. Ann Intern Med. 2004 Jan 20;140(2):112-20. [14734334]
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