What is hypoglycemia?
A person with hypoglycemia has low levels of glucose in the bloodstream. Glucose is a form of sugar that is present in the bloodstream. The body uses glucose for energy, and it is the only fuel used by the brain. Almost all patients who take insulin for diabetes experience episodes of hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is rare in those who do not receive medication for diabetes.
What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia?
The first signs of hypoglycemia include anxiety, weakness, irritability, hunger, flushing, and numbness and tingling. Additional symptoms of hypoglycemia may include tremor, nausea, excessive sweating, blurry vision, rapid pulse, palpitations and lightheadedness.
How does the doctor treat hypoglycemia?
Treatment of hypoglycemia depends on the severity. Treatment for mild hypoglycemia includes sugar containing food or juice, or a high carbohydrate snack. Treatment for severe hypoglycemia may include intravenous glucose or glucagon injection.
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