Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Hyperthermia Treatment

Treatment depends on the severity of the heat illness. Treatment for mild heat illness involves avoiding the warm environment and oral fluids. Treatment for heat exhaustion may include removing clothing, tepid water bath or sponge bath, oral fluids, intravenous fluids, and rest in a cool environment.

General treatment for heat illness include:

  • Oral rehydration therapy for older children and adults:
    • Drink clear liquids only, such as water, sports drinks (best), fruit juice and dilute tea.
    • Drink small quantities of fluids frequently, such as 2 tablespoons of fluid every 5 minutes.
    • The absence of food allows the intestines to rest.
    • May be able to advance to full liquid diet once symptoms improve
    • Effective to treat mild to moderate dehydration
  • Drink liquids that contain salt:
    • Gatorade
    • Powerade
  • Intravenous fluids for dehydration
  • Rest in a cool environment

For more information:

Hyperthermia Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat heat illness:

Continue to Hyperthermia Home Care

Last Updated: Sep 30, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Hyperthermia References
  1. Booker RJ, Bricknell MC. Heat illness--recent developments. J R Army Med Corps. 2002 Mar;148(1):11-8. [12024885]
  2. Bytomski JR, Squire DL. Heat illness in children. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2003 Dec;2(6):320-4. [14583161]
  3. Coris EE, Ramirez AM, Van Durme DJ. Heat illness in athletes: the dangerous combination of heat, humidity and exercise. Sports Med. 2004;34(1):9-16. [14715036]
  4. Lugo-Amador NM, Rothenhaus T, Moyer P. Heat-related illness. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2004 May;22(2):315-27, viii. [15163570]
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