Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Hypertensive Eye Disease Overview

Another name for Hypertensive Eye Disease is Hypertensive Retinopathy.

What is hypertensive retinopathy?
A person with hypertensive retinopathy has damage to the retina in each eye, caused by high blood pressure. The high blood pressure damages the small arteries that supply blood to the retina. Over time, the damaged blood vessels result in damage to the cells of the retina. Progressive hypertensive retinopathy causes worsening loss of vision.

What are the symptoms of hypertensive retinopathy?
Symptoms of hypertensive retinopathy include headaches, blurry vision, and worsening loss of vision.

How does the doctor treat hypertensive retinopathy?
Treatment for hypertensive retinopathy includes medications to control high blood pressure, a low salt diet, and regular eye examinations. Additional treatment for hypertensive retinopathy may include retinal laser surgery.

Continue to Hypertensive Eye Disease Symptoms

Last Updated: Oct 18, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Hypertensive Eye Disease References
  1. Dodson PM, Lip GY, Eames SM, Gibson JM, Beevers DG. Hypertensive retinopathy: a review of existing classification systems and a suggestion for a simplified grading system. J Hum Hypertens. 1996 Feb;10(2):93-8. [8867562]
  2. Wang JJ, Mitchell P, Leung H, Rochtchina E, Wong TY, Klein R. Hypertensive retinal vessel wall signs in a general older population: the Blue Mountains Eye Study. Hypertension. 2003 Oct;42(4):534-41. [12939235]
  3. Yu T, Mitchell P, Berry G, Li W, Wang JJ. Retinopathy in older persons without diabetes and its relationship to hypertension. Arch Ophthalmol. 1998 Jan;116(1):83-9. [9445212]
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