Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Hypertension due to Pregnancy Evaluation

The evaluation of preeclampsia begins with a history and physical exam.

Physical findings in someone with preeclampsia may include:

  • Leg swelling
  • Increased deep tendon reflexes
  • Papilledema:
    • Swelling of the retina on eye examination
  • High blood pressure:
    • Blood pressure over 140/90
    • Systolic blood pressure (top number) increased by 30 points
    • Diastolic blood pressure (bottom number) increased by 15 points

Tests are required to make the diagnosis of preeclampsia.

Tests that may be used to evaluate preeclampsia include:

Continue to Hypertension due to Pregnancy Treatment

Last Updated: Dec 23, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Hypertension due to Pregnancy References
  1. Bhattacharya S, Campbell DM. The incidence of severe complications of preeclampsia. Hypertens Pregnancy. 2005;24(2):181-90. [16036402]
  2. Conde-Agudelo A, Villar J, Lindheimer M. World Health Organization systematic review of screening tests for preeclampsia. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Dec;104(6):1367-91. [15572504]
  3. de Jong CL, Dekker GA, Sibai BM. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in preeclampsia. A review. Clin Perinatol. 1991 Dec;18(4):683-711. [1662573]
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