Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Hyperparathyroidism Overview

What is hyperparathyroidism?
A person with hyperparathyroidism has overactive parathyroid glands, which produce abnormally high levels of parathyroid hormone. Parathyroid hormone regulates calcium, phosphate, and magnesium levels in the body. Increased levels of parathyroid hormone cause the removal of calcium from the bones. This leads to weakness of the bones and abnormally high levels of calcium in the bloodstream. Hyperparathyroidism is 3 times more common in females.

What are the symptoms of hyperparathyroidism?
Symptoms of hyperparathyroidism include bone pain, joint pains, constipation, depression, hypertension, increased thirst, increased urination, confusion, muscle weakness, nausea, and a slow pulse.

How does the doctor treat hyperparathyroidism?
The treatment for hyperparathyroidism is surgery to remove the over-active parathyroid tissue. Treatment for hyperparathyroidism may also include calcium supplements, vitamin D, and medications.

Continue to Hyperparathyroidism Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 9, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Hyperparathyroidism References
  1. Damiani D, Aguiar CH, Bueno VS, Montenegro FL, Koch VH, Cocozza AM, Cordeiro AC, Dichtchekenian V, Setian N. Primary hyperparathyroidism in children: patient report and review of the literature. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Jan-Feb;11(1):83-6. [9642634]
  2. Reeve TS, Babidge WJ, Parkyn RF, Edis AJ, Delbridge LW, Devitt PG, Maddern GJ. Minimally invasive surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism: systematic review. Arch Surg. 2000 Apr;135(4):481-7. [10768716]
  3. Ruda JM, Hollenbeak CS, Stack BC Jr. A systematic review of the diagnosis and treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism from 1995 to 2003. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Mar;132(3):359-72. [15746845]
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