Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.


Hymenoptera Envenomation Overview

What is hymenoptera envenomation?
A person with hymenoptera envenomation has been stung by a bee, wasp, hornet, or fire ant. Caterpillar envenomation, by the puss catepillar in the USA also falls into this category. The venom from these stings can cause serious allergic reactions.

What are the symptoms of hymenoptera envenomation?
Common symptoms of hymenoptera envenomation include rashes, swelling, eye redness, itching, angioedema, wheezing, and diarrhea.

How does the doctor treat hymenoptera envenomation?
Treatment of hymenoptera envenomation may include epinephrine injections, antihistamines, corticosteroids, and other medications that diminish the allergic response. Allergy shots may be helpful in some individuals.

Last Updated: May 23, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Hymenoptera Envenomation References
  1. Golden DB, Kagey-Sobotka A, Norman PS, Hamilton RG, Lichtenstein LM. Outcomes of allergy to insect stings in children, with and without venom immunotherapy. N Engl J Med. 2004 Aug 12;351(7):668-74. [15306668]
  2. Graft DF. Managing insect sting allergy. The ins and outs of venom immunotherapy. Postgrad Med. 2005 Jul;118(1):38-42. [16106918]
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