Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Risk Factors

Risk factors for HIV infection include:

  • Babies of infected mothers: About 1 in 3 babies born to women who have HIV will be infected.
  • Blood transfusions before 1985: currently, the risk is extremely low because blood is tested for HIV before it is given to others.
  • Breastfeeding: a very small risk for babies of mothers who have HIV.
  • Health care workers who suffer a needle stick by an infected needle
  • Intravenous drug use: especially if users share needles with someone who has HIV.
  • Although initially HIV was more common in homosexual males, HIV has become more common in heterosexual persons than in homosexual males.
  • Multiple sex partners
  • Unprotected sex
  • Anal sex
  • Prostitution

Continue to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Symptoms

Last Updated: Nov 6, 2007 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Human Immunodeficiency Virus References
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  6. Paul SM, Sensakovic J, Podhurst LS, Morgan DH, Triano-Davis W. Managing HIV/AIDS patients. N J Med. 1998 May;95(5):55-60. [16013158]
  7. Treatment guidelines from the Medical Letter: Drugs for HIV Infection. Treat Guidel Med Lett 2004 Jan; 2(17): 1-8. [15529108]
  8. Varghese GK, Crane LR: Evaluation and treatment of HIV-related illnesses in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med 1994. Sep. (3): 503-11. [8080146]
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