Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

HTN Diet

A diet for the treatment of hypertension includes:

  • Low cholesterol diet
  • Low fat diet
    • Limit intake of fat to 25% of your total calories.
    • 10% to 15% of your total calories should be in the form of monounsaturated fats, such as olive oil, canola oil and peanut oil.
  • Low salt diet for hypertension
    • Reduce salt intake to no more than 1,500 mg (1.5 grams) per day
    • One teaspoon of salt contains about 2,300 mg of sodium.
    • Avoid cooking with salt.
    • Avoid fast food.
    • Avoid salty foods, such as pickles, cured meats, salty snacks, and canned soup.
    • Avoid seasonings that contain sodium, such as soy sauce, steak sauce, garlic and onion salt, and monosodium glutamate.
    • Do not add salt to your food at the dinner table.
    • Read food labels and buy foods that are low in salt.
    • When eating out, ask that your food be prepared without added salt.
  • High fiber diet

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Last Updated: Dec 16, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed HTN References
  1. Aronow WS. Treatment of hypertension in the elderly. Geriatrics. 2008 Oct;63(10):21-5. Review. [18828653]
  2. Kearney PM, Whelton M, Reynolds K, Whelton PK, He J. Worldwide prevalence of hypertension: a systematic review. J Hypertens. 2004 Jan;22(1):11-9. [15106785]
  3. Then KL, Rankin JA. Hypertension: a review for clinicians. Nurs Clin North Am. 2004 Dec;39(4):793-814. [15561162]
  4. Toto RD. Hypertension and kidney literature review 2000. Clin Nephrol. 2002 Oct;58(4):253-9. [12400839]
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