Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

High Serum Cholesterol Serum HDL

High levels of HDL cholesterol seems to provide protection from damage to the arteries. An HDL over 35 mg/dL lowers the risk of heart disease. However, an HDL less than 35 mg/dL increases risk for heart disease.

Cardiovascular Risk by HDL Levels

Very Low Risk6575
Low Risk5565
Average Risk4555
Moderate Risk2540
High Riskunder 25under 40

Cardiovascular Risk by Total Cholesterol to HDL Ratio
Very Low Risk3.43.3
Low Risk4.03.8
Average Risk 5.04.5
Moderate Risk9.57.0
High Riskover 23over 11

Continue to High Serum Cholesterol Serum LDL

Last Updated: Nov 18, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed High Serum Cholesterol References
  1. Borghi C, Veronesi M, Bacchelli S, Esposti DD, Cosentino E, Ambrosioni E. Serum cholesterol levels, blood pressure response to stress and incidence of stable hypertension in young subjects with high normal blood pressure. J Hypertens. 2004 Feb;22(2):265-72. [15076183]
  2. Morgan JM, Capuzzi DM. Hypercholesterolemia. The NCEP Adult Treatment Panel III Guidelines. Geriatrics. 2003 Aug;58(8):33-8. [12938250]
  3. Schatz IJ, Masaki K, Yano K, Chen R, Rodriguez BL, Curb JD. Cholesterol and all-cause mortality in elderly people from the Honolulu Heart Program: a cohort study. Lancet. 2001 Aug 4;358(9279):351-5. [11502313]
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