High Prolactin Anatomy
To better understand hyperprolactinemia, it helps to understand the anatomy of the pituitary gland.
The pituitary gland is a small, pea-sized gland that is located at the base of the brain. It is attached to the hypothalamus by a stalk. The hypothalamus controls the release of hormones from the pituitary gland.
Pituitary hormones include:
- Growth hormone:
- Stimulates growth
- Thyroid stimulating hormone:
- Stimulates the thyroid gland
- Adrenocorticotropic hormone:
- Stimulates the adrenal glands
- Stimulates breast tissue to produce milk
Continue to High Prolactin Physiology
- Serri O, Chik CL, Ur E, Ezzat S. Diagnosis and management of hyperprolactinemia. CMAJ. 2003 Sep 16;169(6):575-81. 
- Verhelst J, Abs R. Hyperprolactinemia: pathophysiology and management. Treat Endocrinol. 2003;2(1):23-32.