Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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High Blood Sodium Evaluation

The evaluation of hypernatremia begins with a medical history and physical examination.

Physical findings in someone with hypernatremia may include:

Tests are required to make the diagnosis of hypernatremia.

Tests that may be used to evaluate hypernatremia include:

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Last Updated: Dec 16, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed High Blood Sodium References
  1. Adeleye O, Faulkner M, Adeola T, ShuTangyie G. Hypernatremia in the elderly. J Natl Med Assoc. 2002 Aug;94(8):701-5. [12152926]
  2. Fall PJ. Hyponatremia and hypernatremia. A systematic approach to causes and their correction. Postgrad Med. 2000 May 1;107(5):75-82; quiz 179. [10844943]
  3. Kang SK, Kim W, Oh MS. Pathogenesis and treatment of hypernatremia. Nephron. 2002;92 Suppl 1:14-7. [12401933]
  4. Kugler JP, Hustead T. Hyponatremia and hypernatremia in the elderly. Am Fam Physician. 2000 Jun 15;61(12):3623-30. [10892634]
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