Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Herpes Encephalitis Overview

What is herpes encephalitis?
A person with encephalitis causes inflammation and swelling of the brain and inflammation of the protective sheath that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, called the dura. Herpes encephalitis is caused by an infection with the Herpes virus. Herpes encephalitis is a common cause of viral encephalitis.

What are the symptoms of herpes encephalitis?
Symptoms of herpes encephalitis include body aches, fatigue, fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, rash, and increased sensitivity to bright light.

How does the doctor treat herpes encephalitis?
Treatment for herpes encephalitis may include intravenous fluids, antiviral medications, medications to control nausea, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever.

Continue to Herpes Encephalitis Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 9, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Herpes Encephalitis References
  1. Kimberlin DW. Management of HSV encephalitis in adults and neonates: diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. Herpes. 2007 Jun;14(1):11-6. [17848213]
  2. Whitley RJ. Herpes simplex encephalitis: adolescents and adults. Antiviral Res. 2006 Sep;71(2-3):141-8. Epub 2006 Apr 25. [16675036]
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