Herniated Intervertebral Disk Treatment
Treatment for a herniated disk often depends on the extent of neurological symptoms. Treatment often includes rest, stretching exercises, physical therapy, muscle relaxants, pain medications, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain. Additional treatment may include corticosteroids and surgery.
Treatment options for a herniated disk include:
- Back stretching exercises
- Back strengthening exercises
- Weight reduction
- Stop smoking
- Physical therapy
- Muscle relaxant medications:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain:
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, NeoProfen)
- Ketoprofen (Actron, Orudis, Oruvail)
- Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, Aleve)
- Celecoxib (Celebrex)
- Narcotic pain medication:
- Pain reliever that can be used in combination with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
- Tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressant medications:
- Epidural injections for herniated disk:
- To provide pain relief
- Diskectomy for herniated disk:
- Removal of part of the disk
- Fusion for herniated disk:
- Laminectomy for herniated disk:
- Removal of bone from the vertebra
Herniated Intervertebral Disk Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of a herniated disk.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Do I need to lose weight?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- Will I need physical therapy?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Herniated Intervertebral Disk Specialist
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat herniated disk:
Continue to Herniated Intervertebral Disk Home Care
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- Ito T, Takano Y, Yuasa N. Types of lumbar herniated disc and clinical course. Spine. 2001 Mar 15;26(6):648-51. 
- Spencer DL. The anatomical basis of sciatica secondary to herniated lumbar disc: a review. Neurol Res. 1999;21 Suppl 1:S33-6.