Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Hernia Underlying Cause

Hernias can form in many places inside the body, but the most common areas are the abdomen and groin. In order for a hernia to form, there must be a hole, tear or weakened area in the layers of tissue that surround an organ. This abnormal weakness allows the organ to protrude through the hole or tear. In the groin or abdomen, the intestine protrudes through the weakened abdominal wall. The intestine forms a bulge underneath the skin.

Causes for weakness in the layers that surround organs include:

Continue to Hernia Types

Last Updated: May 16, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Hernia References
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  2. Juretschke LJ. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: update and review. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2001 May-Jun;30(3):259-68. [11383948]
  3. Losanoff JE, Richman BW, Jones JW. Spigelian hernia in a child: case report and review of the literature. Hernia. 2002 Dec;6(4):191-3. [12424600]
  4. McIntosh A, Hutchinson A, Roberts A, Withers H. Evidence-based management of groin hernia in primary care--a systematic review. Fam Pract. 2000 Oct;17(5):442-7. [11021907]
  5. Ollero Fresno JC, Alvarez M, Sanchez M, Rollan V. Femoral hernia in childhood: review of 38 cases. Pediatr Surg Int. 1997 Sep;12(7):520-1. [9238121]
  6. Richards SK, Vipond MN, Earnshaw JJ. Review of the management of recurrent inguinal hernia. Hernia. 2004 May;8(2):144-8. [14685827]
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