Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Hernia Overview

Another name for Hernia is Hernias.

What are hernias?
A person with a hernia has a piece of intestine that protrudes through an abnormal opening in the muscles of the abdominal wall. The protruding intestine forms a bulge under the skin. Hernias can form in many places inside the body, but the most common areas are the abdomen and groin. In order for a hernia to form, there must be a hole, tear, or weakened area in the layers of tissue that surround an organ. About 75 percent of hernias occur in the groin, such as inguinal hernia and femoral hernia.

What are the symptoms of hernias?
Symptoms of a hernia depend on the location and severity of the hernia. Abdominal and inguinal hernias may cause groin swelling, tenderness, and abdominal pain. Additional symptoms of a hernia may include nausea, vomiting, and fever.

How does the doctor treat hernias?
In most cases, hernias are treated with surgery. The surgeon places the intestine back into the abdomen and repairs the weakened area in the abdominal wall. An exception is an umbilical hernia in a child, which usually resolves without surgery.

Continue to Hernia Incidence

Last Updated: Oct 6, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Hernia References
  1. Collaboration EH. Laparoscopic compared with open methods of groin hernia repair: systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Br J Surg. 2000 Jul;87(7):860-7. [10931019]
  2. Juretschke LJ. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: update and review. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2001 May-Jun;30(3):259-68. [11383948]
  3. Losanoff JE, Richman BW, Jones JW. Spigelian hernia in a child: case report and review of the literature. Hernia. 2002 Dec;6(4):191-3. [12424600]
  4. McIntosh A, Hutchinson A, Roberts A, Withers H. Evidence-based management of groin hernia in primary care--a systematic review. Fam Pract. 2000 Oct;17(5):442-7. [11021907]
  5. Ollero Fresno JC, Alvarez M, Sanchez M, Rollan V. Femoral hernia in childhood: review of 38 cases. Pediatr Surg Int. 1997 Sep;12(7):520-1. [9238121]
  6. Richards SK, Vipond MN, Earnshaw JJ. Review of the management of recurrent inguinal hernia. Hernia. 2004 May;8(2):144-8. [14685827]
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