Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Hernia Hiatal Overview

Another name for Hernia Hiatal is Hiatal Hernia.

What is a hiatal hernia?
In a person with a hiatal hernia, part of the stomach slides through the opening in the diaphragm and enters the chest cavity. Hiatal hernia may be caused by a birth defect in the diaphragm, or weakness of the muscles in the diaphragm that occurs with age. About 4 out of 10 Americans over the age of 50 have a hiatal hernia.

What are the symptoms of a hiatal hernia?
Most people with a hiatal hernia do not have symptoms. Symptoms of hiatal hernia may include belching, heartburn, indigestion, lower chest pain, and upper abdominal pain.

How does the doctor treat a hiatal hernia?
Treatment for hiatal hernia may include antacids, acid blockers, and proton pump inhibitors. Those with severe symptoms of hiatal hernia may be candidates for surgery.

Continue to Hernia Hiatal Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 5, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Hernia Hiatal References
  1. Gorenstein A, Cohen AJ, Cordova Z, Witzling M, Krutman B, Serour F. Hiatal hernia in pediatric gastroesophageal reflux. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2001 Nov;33(5):554-7. [11740228]
  2. Jones MP, Sloan SS, Rabine JC, Ebert CC, Huang CF, Kahrilas PJ. Hiatal hernia size is the dominant determinant of esophagitis presence and severity in gastroesophageal reflux disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2001 Jun;96(6):1711-7. [1141981]
  3. Leeder PC, Smith G, Dehn TC. Laparoscopic management of large paraesophageal hiatal hernia. Surg Endosc. 2003 Sep;17(9):1372-5. [12820060]
  4. Puri V, Kakarlapudi GV, Awad ZT, Filipi CJ. Hiatal hernia recurrence: 2004. Hernia. 2004 Dec;8(4):311-7. [15300469]
  5. Wu AH, Tseng CC, Bernstein L. Hiatal hernia, reflux symptoms, body size, and risk of esophageal and gastric adenocarcinoma. Cancer. 2003 Sep 1;98(5):940-8. [12942560]
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