Hepatitis B Treatment
Treatment for active hepatitis B usually includes a liver disease diet, antiviral medications, and medications to control nausea and itching. Those with severe hepatitis B may be candidates for liver transplant.
Treatment for hepatitis B may include:
- Medications to control nausea and vomiting:
- Acetaminophen may be used for pain and fever control:
- Oral rehydration:
- Intravenous rehydration may be necessary if vomiting is severe
- Liver disease diet:
- Low protein diet
- Low fat diet
- Antiviral medications for hepatitis B:
- Lamivudine (Epivir)
- Adefovir (Hepsera)
- Entecavir (Baraclude)
- Telbivudine (Tyzeka)
- Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (Viread)
- Antihistamine for itching:
- Hepatitis A immunization
- Hepatitis B immunoglobulin
- Vitamin B supplements:
- Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
- Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
- Vitamin B3 (niacin)
- Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)
- Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
- Vitamin B12 (cobalamin)
- Consider liver transplant for end stage liver failure
Hepatitis B Diet
- High carbohydrate intake:
- Bread, pasta and grains
- The increased carbohydrate helps in preserving the protein in the body and prevent muscle wasting.
- Moderate to high fat intake.
- The increased fat helps in preserving the protein in the body and prevent muscle wasting.
- Restrict protein:
- 1 gram of protein per kilogram (2 pounds) of body weight per day.
- Restrict salt:
- No more than 2 grams per day.
- Take vitamin B supplements
- Particularly B complex vitamins
- Do not take vitamin A supplements
Hepatitis B Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of hepatitis B.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- Am I contagious?
- For how long?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- How do I avoid passing the infection to others?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for liver disease?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Hepatitis B Specialist
Continue to Hepatitis B Home Care
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