Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Hemorrhoids Overview

What are hemorrhoids?
A person with hemorrhoids has swollen veins in the lower rectum or anus. Hemorrhoids are caused by increased pressure in the veins that lie under the skin around the anus. Hemorrhoids can cause pain, bleeding and itching when they become swollen and push through the anal opening. Symptoms may also occur when a clot forms inside the hemorrhoid. About 40 percent of adults suffer from hemorrhoids.

What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?
Symptoms of hemorrhoids include anal pain, anal itching, mild rectal bleeding, and a tender firm lump protruding from the anus.

How does the doctor treat hemorrhoids?
Treatment for hemorrhoids may include a high fiber diet, fiber supplements, hydrocortisone cream, stool softeners, and surgery.

Continue to Hemorrhoids Incidence

Last Updated: Jul 29, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Hemorrhoids References
  1. Gearhart SL. Symptomatic hemorrhoids. Adv Surg. 2004;38:167-82. [15515618]
  2. Iyer VS, Shrier I, Gordon PH. Long-term outcome of rubber band ligation for symptomatic primary and recurrent internal hemorrhoids. Dis Colon Rectum. 2004 Aug;47(8):1364-70. [15484351]
  3. MacKay D. Hemorrhoids and varicose veins: a review of treatment options. Altern Med Rev. 2001 Apr;6(2):126-40. [11302778]
  4. Ortiz H, Marzo J, Armendariz P, De Miguel M. Stapled hemorrhoidopexy vs. diathermy excision for fourth-degree hemorrhoids: a randomized, clinical trial and review of the literature. Dis Colon Rectum. 2005 Apr;48(4):809-15. [15785901]
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