Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Evaluation Treatment Home Care cough warning signs Underlying Cause

Hemoptysis Overview

What is hemoptysis?
A person with hemoptysis is coughing up blood from the lungs. Many blood vessels lie under the inside surface of the lung tissue. Injury, infection or inflammation can irritate the blood vessels and cause hemoptysis. Causes of hemoptysis include injury, infection, or inflammation.

What are the symptoms of hemoptysis?
Symptoms of hemoptysis depend on the underlying cause. Symptoms may include coughing up blood-streaked mucus, persistent cough, difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, fatigue, fever, hoarseness, loss of appetite, and weight loss.

How does the doctor treat hemoptysis?
Treatment of hemoptysis depends on the underlying cause. Treatment may include antibiotics, bronchoscopy, bronchial artery embolization, laser therapy, or surgery.

Continue to Hemoptysis Evaluation

Last Updated: Mar 29, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Hemoptysis References
  1. Corder R. Hemoptysis. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2003 May;21(2):421-35. [12793622]
  2. Fidan A, Ozdogan S, Oruc O, Salepci B, Ocal Z, Caglayan B. Hemoptysis: a retrospective analysis of 108 cases. Respir Med. 2002 Sep;96(9):677-80. [12243312]
  3. Godfrey S. Pulmonary hemorrhage/hemoptysis in children. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2004 Jun;37(6):476-84. [15114547]
  4. Johnson JL. Manifestations of hemoptysis. How to manage minor, moderate, and massive bleeding. Postgrad Med. 2002 Oct;112(4):101-6, 108-9, 113. [12400152]
  5. Yu-Tang Goh P, Lin M, Teo N, En Shen Wong D. Embolization for hemoptysis: a six -year review. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2002 Jan-Feb;25(1):17-25. [11907769]
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