What is hemophilia?
Hemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder that primarily affects males. A person with hemophilia is missing a protein, which helps form blood clots. Normal blood coagulation requires the complex interaction of about 20 proteins, called clotting factors. Low levels of the missing factor result in prolonged blood clotting.
What are the symptoms of hemophilia?
Symptoms of hemophilia include prolonged bleeding, bleeding into the joints, joint swelling, joint pains, knee pain, bleeding gums, fatigue, nose bleeding, excessive bruising, blood in the stool, black stool, and a rash that looks like bruises or broken blood vessels.
How does the doctor treat hemophilia?
Treatment for hemophilia depends on the type and usually include the intravenous infusion of the missing clotting factor. Other treatments include fresh frozen plasma, epsilon aminocaproic acid, and desmopressin. Gene therapy remains experimental.
Continue to Hemophilia Anatomy
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