Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Home Care first aid warning signs Prevention Underlying Cause Types

Heat Cramps Home Care

Home care for heat illness includes:

  • Drink plenty of liquids:
    • Gatorade
    • Powerade
  • Avoid exposure to warm environments.
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Avoid exposure to the sun.
    • Wear clothing that blocks the sun's rays.
    • Wear a hat.
  • Exercise during cooler times of the day.
  • Bathe in tepid water.

Heat Cramps First Aid

First aid for heat illness includes:

  • Move the patient to a cool or shaded area.
  • Remove clothing.
  • Keep the victim lying down with feet elevated.
  • Fan the victim and sponge skin with cool water.
  • Provide cool fluids to drink, only if the patient is alert.

Heat Cramps Warning Signs

Continue to Heat Cramps Prevention

Last Updated: Dec 14, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Heat Cramps References
  1. Booker RJ, Bricknell MC. Heat illness--recent developments. J R Army Med Corps. 2002 Mar;148(1):11-8. [12024885]
  2. Bytomski JR, Squire DL. Heat illness in children. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2003 Dec;2(6):320-4. [14583161]
  3. Coris EE, Ramirez AM, Van Durme DJ. Heat illness in athletes: the dangerous combination of heat, humidity and exercise. Sports Med. 2004;34(1):9-16. [14715036]
  4. Lugo-Amador NM, Rothenhaus T, Moyer P. Heat-related illness. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2004 May;22(2):315-27, viii. [15163570]
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