Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms Evaluation Treatment pacemaker specialist Home Care diet warning signs Complications Underlying Cause Types Anatomy

Heart Block Second Degree Home Care

Home care for second degree heart block may include:

  • Avoid alcohol, or drink alcohol in moderation:
    • For men: no more than 2 alcoholic beverages per day
    • For women: no more than 1 alcoholic beverage per day
  • Stop smoking.
  • Avoid exposure to secondary smoke.
  • Eat a healthy heart diet:
    • Limit your intake of fat to 30% of your total calories.
    • 10% to 15% of your total calories should be in the form of monounsaturated fats, such as olive oil, canola oil and peanut oil.
    • Low cholesterol diet.
    • Low salt diet.
    • Eat foods rich in omega-3 fats
  • Weight loss if you are overweight
  • Follow an exercise plan developed with your doctor.
  • Learn how to take your own pulse.
  • If you have high blood pressure:
    • Learn how to take your blood pressure.
    • Check your blood pressure every day
    • Keep a blood pressure diary.
  • Take any prescribed heart medications as directed:
    • Don't skip doses of your heart medication.
    • Avoid running out of your prescribed heart medications.
    • Don't stop your medication when you feel better.
    • Talk to your doctor before stopping your heart medication if you feel worse.
    • Be aware of potential drug side effects.

Heart Block Second Degree Diet

A healthy diet for people with second degree heart block should include:

  • Limit total fat intake to no more than 20 to 25% of your total calories:
    • Less than 7% of the day's total calories from saturated fat.
    • Up to 10% of the day's total calories from polyunsaturated fat.
    • Up to 20% of the day's total calories from monounsaturated fat
  • Less than 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day.
  • Just enough calories to achieve and maintain a healthy weight. You may want to ask your doctor or registered dietitian what is a reasonable calorie level for you.
  • Reduced salt to 2 grams per day.
  • Plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables
  • Limiting iron intake: too much iron can increase atherosclerosis
  • More complex carbohydrates, such as starch and fiber. Whole grains and brown rice are good fiber sources. Other sources include:
    • Fruits
    • Vegetables
    • Bran
    • Barley
    • Oats
    • Legumes

Check with your doctor about supplementing your diet with B vitamins. Some people may benefit from these supplements.

Heart Block Second Degree Warning Signs

Notify your doctor if you have second degree heart block and any of the following:

Continue to Heart Block Second Degree Complications

Last Updated: Jan 4, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Heart Block Second Degree References
  1. Shaw DB, Gowers JI, Kekwick CA, New KH, Whistance AW. Is Mobitz type I atrioventricular block benign in adults? Heart. 2004 Feb;90(2):169-74. [14729789]
  2. Silverman ME, Upshaw CB Jr, Lange HW. Woldemar Mobitz and His 1924 classification of second-degree atrioventricular block. Circulation. 2004 Aug 31;110(9):1162-7. [15339865]
  3. Wogan JM, Lowenstein SR, Gordon GS. Second-degree atrioventricular block: Mobitz type II. J Emerg Med. 1993 Jan-Feb;11(1):47-54. [8445186]
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