Head Injury with Laceration Overview
What is a head injury with laceration?
A person with a head injury with has damage to the face, scalp, or skull, caused by an injury. A head injury with a scalp laceration is one of the most common injuries seen in the emergency room. Head injuries can also include injuries to the brain. Common causes of head injuries include falls, automobile accidents, sports injuries, occupational injuries, and assaults. Soft tissue scalp injuries include lacerations, abrasions, and puncture wounds.
What are the symptoms of a head injury with laceration?
Symptoms of a head injury with laceration include headache, scalp swelling, bleeding, scalp tenderness, dizziness, nausea, sleepiness, and fatigue. Symptoms of a serious head injury include repeated vomiting, severe headache, amnesia, confusion, lethargy, loss of consciousness, slurred speech, seizures, and difficulty walking. Worsening redness, swelling, and tenderness around a laceration are signs of a skin infection, called cellulitis.
How does the doctor treat a head injury with laceration?
Treatment for a head injury with laceration includes cold compresses, rest, medications for nausea, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain. An open or bleeding scalp laceration may need to be repaired with sutures. Treatment for a serious head injury may require corticosteroids, anticonvulsants, and surgery. Additional treatment for lacerations may include a tetanus vaccine, antibiotics, and pain medications.
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