Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Head Contusion Overview

What is a head contusion?
A person with a head contusion has a bruise to the head. A bruise is a collection of blood beneath the skin, caused by blood vessels that have broken at the time of an injury. The most common causes for large head contusions are falls and sports injuries.

What are the symptoms of head contusion?
Symptoms of a head contusion include scalp bruising, scalp swelling, and scalp tenderness. Additional symptoms that may occur with a head contusion include headache, dizziness, nausea, sleepiness, and fatigue.

How does the doctor treat head contusion?
Treatment for a head contusion includes cold compresses, rest, medications for nausea, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain.

Continue to Head Contusion Symptoms

Last Updated: Aug 27, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Head Contusion References
  1. Edwards P, Arango M, Balica L, et al. CRASH trial collaborators. Final results of MRC CRASH, a randomised placebo-controlled trial of intravenous corticosteroid in adults with head injury-outcomes at 6 months. Lancet. 2005 Jun 4-10;365(9475):1957-9. [15936423]
  2. Lee AC, Ou Y, Fong D. Depressed skull fractures: a pattern of abusive head injury in three older children. Child Abuse Negl. 2003 Nov;27(11):1323-9. [14637305]
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