Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Hantavirus Overview

What is Hantavirus?
A person with Hantavirus has a rare viral illness that is transmitted to humans from rodents. Serious Hantavirus infections cause damage to the blood vessels that supply the lungs. This leads to swelling of the lung tissue, which reduces the passage of oxygen from the air, into the bloodstream. The low oxygen level cause by a Hantavirus infection is called Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome.

What are the symptoms of Hantavirus?
Symptoms of Hantavirus infection include body aches, back pain, breathing difficulty, cough, diarrhea, dizziness, fever, headache, nausea, rapid breathing, rapid pulse, and rash.

How does the doctor treat Hantavirus?
Treatment for Hantavirus infections may include antiviral medications, intravenous fluids, oxygen therapy, and mechanical ventilation.

Continue to Hantavirus Symptoms

Last Updated: Feb 8, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Hantavirus References
  1. Ferres M, Vial P. Hantavirus infection in children. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2004 Feb;16(1):70-5. [14758117]
  2. Miedzinski L. Community-acquired pneumonia: new facets of an old disease--Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Respir Care Clin N Am. 2005 Mar;11(1):45-58. [15763221]
  3. Park K, Kim CS, Moon KT. Protective effectiveness of hantavirus vaccine. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Dec;10(12):2218-20. [15663866]
  4. St Jeor SC. Three-week incubation period for hantavirus infection. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2004 Oct;23(10):974-5. [15602208]
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