Hand Sprain Anatomy
To better understand a hand sprain, it helps to understand the anatomy of the hand.
The anatomy of the hand includes:
- Phalanges or finger bones (14)
- Metacarpal bones:
- Articulate with the phalanges (5)
- Carpal bones:
- Articulate with the wrist (8)
- Blood vessels
- Strong bands that hold the joints together
- Strong bands that attach muscles to bones.
- When a muscle tightens, the tendon pulls on a bone causing an area to move.
- Cause movement by pulling on tendons.
- Skin and nails
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- Chan J, Spencer J. Adaptation to hand injury: an evolving experience. Am J Occup Ther. 2004 Mar-Apr;58(2):128-39. 
- Gustafsson M, Ahlstrom G. Problems experienced during the first year of an acute traumatic hand injury - a prospective study. J Clin Nurs. 2004 Nov;13(8):986-95.