Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Group B Streptococcal Infection Overview

What is group B streptococcal infection?
A person with a group B streptococcal infection has an infection from group B streptococci. The streptococcal bacteria can spread to a newborn from the mother during birth. Group B streptococcal infection can cause life-threatening infections in newborns.

What are the symptoms of a group B streptococcal infection?
Early-onset infection produces symptoms of infection within the first week of life, and usually within the first 48 hours of delivery. Pneumonia is the most common infection, causing symptoms of pneumonia and symptoms of shock. Symptoms of meningitis may be present in up to 30% of infants.

How does the doctor treat a group B streptococcal infection?
Treatment for a Group B streptococcal infection in the mother includes oral antibiotics. Treatment for a Group B streptococcal infection in the newborn includes intravenous antibiotics.

Continue to Group B Streptococcal Infection Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 8, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Group B Streptococcal Infection References
  1. Benitz WE. Perinatal treatment to prevent early onset group B streptococcal sepsis. Semin Neonatol. 2002 Aug;7(4):301-14. [12401300]
  2. Glass NE, Schulkin J, Chamany S, Riley LE, Schuchat A, Schrag S. Opportunities to reduce overuse of antibiotics for perinatal group B streptococcal disease prevention and management of preterm premature rupture of membranes. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Mar;13(1):5-10. [16040321]
  3. Hager WD, Schuchat A, Gibbs R, Sweet R, Mead P, Larsen JW. Prevention of perinatal group B streptococcal infection: current controversies. Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Jul;96(1):141-5. [10862856]
  4. Song JY, Lin LL, Shott S, Kimber N, Tangora J, Cohen A, Wells A, Maezes M, Aroutcheva A, Faro S. Evaluation of the Strep B OIA test compared to standard culture methods for detection of group B streptococci. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 1999;7(4):202-5. [10449270]
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