There is no cure for gout, but it can be controlled with medication. Treatment for gout often includes a low protein diet and a variety of medications to reduce inflammation or lower uric acid levels in the bloodstream. Options include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, colchicine, oral corticosteroids, and allopurinol. Some may be candidates for surgical repair of a joint damaged by the long-term effects of gout.
Treatment for sudden attacks of gout include:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain:
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, NeoProfen)
- Ketoprofen (Actron, Orudis, Oruvail)
- Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, Aleve)
- Diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam)
- Celecoxib (Celebrex)
- Indomethacin (Indocin)
- Oral corticosteroids:
- Colchicine (Colcrys)
- For those who do not respond to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications
- Narcotic pain medication:
Long-term treatment for gout includes:
Gout Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of gout.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Do I need to lose weight?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- Will I need physical therapy?
- Will I need occupational therapy?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat gout:
Continue to Gout Home Care
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- Pal B, Foxall M, Dysart T, Carey F, Whittaker M. How is gout managed in primary care? A review of current practice and proposed guidelines. Clin Rheumatol. 2000;19(1):21-5. 
- Schlesinger N. Diagnosis of gout. Minerva Med. 2007 Dec;98(6):759-67.