People with gout should avoid foods that contain natural chemicals, called purines.
Foods to avoid include:
- Alcoholic beverages
- Yeast: in beer and bread
Additional foods that contain purines include:
- Whole grain bread
- Kidney beans
- Lima beans
General recommendations for a healthy diet include:
- Eat quality fats: use virgin olive oil and other unsaturated, low-cholesterol fats.
- Eat the right amount of fats, carbohydrates and protein: limit your fat intake to 20 or 30 percent, but don't substitute simple carbohydrates for fat.
- Avoid fad diets: eat a well-rounded diet instead.
- Limit iron intake: too much iron can increase atherosclerosis.
- Eat enough dietary fiber: whole grains are best.
- Check with your doctor about supplementing your diet with B vitamins. Some people may benefit from these supplements.
Key Features of a Healthy Diet
|Energy (calories)||to maintain BMI < 25|
|Total fats||< or = to 30% of total daily calories|
|Saturated fats||< 7% of total daily calories|
|Polyunsaturated fats||< 10% of total daily calories|
|Monounsaturated fats||< 13% of total daily calories|
|Cholesterol||< or = to 300 mg per day|
|Dietary fiber||25-30 grams per day|
|Fiber type||3:1 insoluble to soluble fiber|
|Sodium||< or = to 1,500 mg per day|
|Calcium 9-24 yrs||1,200-1,500 mg per day|
|Calcium 25-50 yrs||1,000 mg per day|
|Calcium 51-65 yrs||1,200 mg per day|
|Calcium >65 yrs||1,500 mg per day|
|Vitamin D 9-50 yrs||200 IU per day|
|Vitamin D 51-70 yrs||400 IU per day|
|Vitamin D >70 yrs||600 IU per day|
|Folic acid||400 micrograms (ug) per day|
|Fruits & vegetables||5-7 servings per day|
|Alcohol (men)||< or = to 2 drinks per day|
|Alcohol (women)||< or = to 1 drink per day|
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