Chronic glaucoma cannot be cured, but treatment can control the illness and reduce the risk for vision loss. Treatment for chronic glaucoma often includes daily eyedrops and oral medications. If the illness cannot be controlled with medications, then surgery is required. Laser surgery can be performed in the doctor's office, while additional types of surgery must be done in a surgical center.
Treatment for chronic glaucoma includes:
- Medications for glaucoma:
- Daily eye drops are the treatment for most cases of chronic glaucoma.
- Surgery for glaucoma:
- Conventional laser surgery for glaucoma puts a tiny hole in the outer edge of the iris.
- Minimally invasive, trabeculectomy procedure
- Lens extraction
- Drainage implants
Eyedrops for chronic glaucoma include:
- Pilocarpine ophthalmic (Isopto Carpine, Pilopine HS Gel)
- Timolol (Betimol, Istalol, Timoptic, Timoptic-XE)
- Travoprost ophthalmic solution (Travatan, Travatan Z)
- Latanoprost (Xalatan)
- Bimatoprost (Lumigan)
Oral medications for chronic glaucoma include:
Glaucoma Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of chronic glaucoma.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Will I need occupational therapy?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Continue to Glaucoma Home Care
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- Deokule S, Sadiq S, Shah S. Chronic open angle glaucoma: patient awareness of the nature of the disease, topical medication, compliance and the prevalence of systemic symptoms. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2004 Jan;24(1):9-15. 
- Fraser S, Bunce C, Wormald R. Risk factors for late presentation in chronic glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1999 Sep;40(10):2251-7. 
- Martus P, Stroux A, Budde WM, Mardin CY, Korth M, Jonas JB. Predictive factors for progressive optic nerve damage in various types of chronic open-angle glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 2005 Jun;139(6):999-1009.