Genitourinary Injury Anatomy
To better understand genitourinary injury, it helps to understand the anatomy of the genitourinary tract and kidneys.
The kidneys are located in the back of the abdomen, below the ribcage and on either side of the spine. Each kidney weighs about 1/4 pound (0.6 kg) and is about the size of a fist. The kidneys filter waste from the bloodstream and produce urine. The kidneys also regulate the salt and water balance for the body.
- Kidney cross section
- Kidney cross section close-up
- Kidney collecting system
- Genitourinary system
Urine flows from the kidneys, through the ureters, and into the bladder. As the bladder fills, the bladder wall stretches. This sensation results in the urge to urinate. The act of urination causes the bladder to empty into the urethra. Urine flows through the urethra and exits the body.
Anatomy of the bladder:
The bladder holds 10 to 20 ounces (300 to 600 ml) of urine.
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