Gastroenteritis due to Cholera Treatment
Treatment for cholera includes hydration with oral fluids to correct dehydration. In those with severe dehydration or an electrolyte imbalance from cholera, treatment may require admission to the hospital for intravenous fluids and antibiotics. Treatment must begin quickly, because fluid loss from the diarrhea can be severe. Although antibiotics are not necessary for treatment, they may reduce the severity of the illness. Additional treatment may include medications to control vomiting and diarrhea. Symptoms usually resolve within one week.
Treatment options for cholera include:
- Oral rehydration therapy for older children and adults:
- Drink clear liquids only, such as water, sports drinks (best), fruit juice and dilute tea.
- Drink small quantities of fluids frequently, such as 2 tablespoons of fluid every 5 minutes.
- The absence of food allows the intestines to rest.
- May be able to advance to full liquid diet once symptoms improve
- Effective to treat mild to moderate dehydration
- Intravenous fluids for severe dehydration
- Clear liquid diet
- Advance to full liquid diet as tolerated
- Medications for nausea and vomiting:
- Medications for diarrhea:
- Antibiotics for cholera:
Gastroenteritis due to Cholera Drugs
Antibiotics that are used to treat cholera include:
Gastroenteritis due to Cholera Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of cholera.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- Am I contagious?
- For how long?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for having this problem again?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Gastroenteritis due to Cholera Specialist
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat cholera:
Continue to Gastroenteritis due to Cholera Home Care
- Greenough WB 3rd. The human, societal, and scientific legacy of cholera. J Clin Invest. 2004 Feb;113(3):334-9. 
- Kirkpatrick BD, Alston WK. Current immunizations for travel. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2003 Oct;16(5):369-74. 
- Sack DA, Sack RB, Nair GB, Siddique AK. Cholera. Lancet. 2004 Jan 17;363(9404):223-33.