Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Foot Fracture Types

Types of foot fractures include:

  • Calcaneus fracture:
    • Fracture of the heel bone
  • Metatarsal fracture:
    • Fracture of the long bones of the foot
  • Phalanges foot fracture:
  • Talus fracture:
    • Bone at the base of the ankle

Foot Fracture Calcaneus

Calcaneus Fracture
The calcaneus, or heel bone, is the largest bone in the foot. It is usually fractured in a fall. It causes severe heel pain, bruising and inability to bear weight.

This fracture results in a flattening of the normal arch of the foot. It is a serious injury that may require surgery. Many people suffer chronic heel pain after this injury.

Foot Fracture Metatarsal

Metatarsal Fracture
The metatarsal bones are subject to a great deal of stress, especially during the push-off phase of running or walking.

Types of fractures include:

  • Fracture of the base of the fifth metatarsal
  • Jones fracture:
    • A complete fracture across the fifth metatarsal
  • Marching fracture:
    • A stress fracture of the third metatarsal

Foot Fracture Phalanges

Phalanges Foot Fracture
The phalanges, or toes, are the most commonly broken bones in the foot.

For more information:

Foot Fracture Talus

Talus Fracture
A talus fracture causes severe ankle and foot pain, swelling, and inability to bear weight. Fractures of the talus often occur with an ankle dislocation. It often requires surgical repair to repair the alignment of the ankle joint.

Continue to Foot Fracture Anatomy

Last Updated: Dec 13, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Foot Fracture References
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  2. Kunkel M, Miller SD. Return to work after foot and ankle injury. Foot Ankle Clin. 2002 Jun;7(2):421-8, viii. [12462119]
  3. Luetters CM, Keegan TH, Sidney S, Quesenberry CP, Prill M, Sternfeld B, Kelsey J. Risk factors for foot fracture among individuals aged 45 years and older. Osteoporos Int. 2004 Dec;15(12):957-63. [15118813]
  4. Tran T, Thordarson D. Functional outcome of multiply injured patients with associated foot injury. Foot Ankle Int. 2002 Apr;23(4):340-3. [11991481]
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