Foot Bunion Treatment
In most cases, bunions can be successfully treated by reducing pressure against the bunion. Changing shoes, shoe inserts, and bunion pads can reduce pain and inflammation. However, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications or corticosteroid injections may be required to reduce pain and inflammation. Surgical treatment is reserved for those who are unable to function normally because of the bunion. The goal of surgery is to remove the bunion and realign the toe.
Treatment for a bunion may include:
- Shoes that allow enough room for the toes
- Bunion pads:
- Protect the bunion from rubbing against the inside of the shoe
- Orthotics for bunions:
- Position the foot inside the shoe correctly, in order to reduce pressure against the bunion
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain
- Corticosteroid injections:
- Medication is injected around the bunion to reduce inflammation and pain
- Surgery for bunions:
- A variety of procedures are used
- The goal in most cases is to remove the bunion and realign the toe
Foot Bunion Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of a bunion.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- Do I need to change my diet?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Foot Bunion Specialist
Foot Bunion Surgery
In severe cases, surgery is required to remove the bunion. This usually involves removing a wedge of bone, in order to restore the normal alignment of the big toe. The surgery may also involve adjustments to the ligaments that have become too loose, or too tight. A cast is usually required for 6 weeks, until the bone heals.
Continue to Foot Bunion Home Care
- Ferrari J, Higgins JP, Prior TD. Interventions for treating hallux valgus (abductovalgus) and bunions. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(1):CD000964. 
- Ferrari J. Bunions. Clin Evid. 2004 Jun;(11):1404-16. 
- Robinson AH, Limbers JP. Modern concepts in the treatment of hallux valgus. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2005 Aug;87(8):1038-45. 
- Trnka HJ. Osteotomies for hallux valgus correction. Foot Ankle Clin. 2005 Mar;10(1):15-33.