Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Evaluation taking temperatures Treatment Home Care medications vomiting warning signs Underlying Cause Types

Fever Adolescent Home Care

Home care for fever in adults includes:

  • Acetaminophen for fever
    • Adult dosing is 2 regular strength (325 mg) every 4 hours or 2 extra-strength (500 mg) every 6 hours.
  • Ibuprofen for fever
    • Adult dosing is 200-400 mg every 4-6 hours.
  • Aspirin for fever:
    • Adult dosing is two regular strength (325 mg) every 4 hours with food.
  • Drink plenty of liquids.
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Wear light, cotton clothes.
  • Tepid baths for high fevers:
    • Tepid water is lukewarm or about 85-90 degrees F (29-32 C)
    • Sponge the body with tepid water.
    • No more than 20 to 30 minutes at a time
    • Increase the water temperature if you begin to shiver.
  • Do not use cold-water for baths.
  • Do not rub the body with alcohol:
    • Alcohol is absorbed through the skin and can cause seizures.

For more information:

Fever Adolescent Medications

Common medications used for fever in adults include:

  • Acetaminophen decreases fever and pain, but does not help inflammation.
  • Adult dosing is 2 regular strength (325 mg) every 4 hours or 2 extra-strength (500 mg) every 6 hours.
  • Maximum dose is 4,000 mg per day.
  • Avoid this drug if you have alcoholism, liver disease or an allergy to the drug. See the package instructions.
  • Common brand names include Tylenol, Panadol, and many others.





NSAID Precautions

Fever Adolescent Vomiting

Home care for vomiting in an adult with a fever includes:

  • Drink clear liquids only, such as water, sports drinks, fruit juice and dilute tea. Sports drinks are best.
  • Drink small quantities of fluids frequently. In general, two tablespoons of fluid every 5 minutes is an effective strategy.
  • Avoid milk and dairy products for 3 days.
  • Avoid liquids that irritate the stomach, such as citrus juice, alcohol and coffee.
  • If nausea or vomiting continues despite the above, consider one of the nonprescription medicines listed below.
  • Once vomiting and nausea resolves, start bland foods first. If you tolerate bland food, then you can resume a normal diet.

Nonprescription medications for vomiting include:

Fever Adolescent Warning Signs

Notify your doctor if you are an adult with a fever and any of the following:

Continue to Fever Adolescent Underlying Cause

Last Updated: Feb 18, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Fever Adolescent References
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  7. Perrone J, Hollander JE, Datner EM. Emergency Department evaluation of patients with fever and chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. J Emerg Med. 2004 Aug;27(2):115-9. [15261351]
  8. Pugh RN, Omar RI, Hossain MM. Varicella infection and pneumonia among adults. Int J Infect Dis. 1998 Apr-Jun;2(4):205-10. [9763503]
  9. Roth AR, Basello GM. Approach to the adult patient with fever of unknown origin. Am Fam Physician. 2003 Dec 1;68(11):2223-8. [14677667]
  10. Tolia J, Smith LG. Fever of unknown origin: historical and physical clues to making the diagnosis. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2007 Dec;21(4):917-36, viii. [18061082]
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