Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Female Urethral Syndrome Anatomy

To better understand urethral syndrome, it helps to understand the anatomy of the genitourinary system.

The urethra drains urine from the bladder. Muscles surrounding the urethra control the flow of urine during urination. The urethra normally allows the flow of urine when these muscles are relaxed.

In males, the urethra starts at the bladder, goes through the prostate, and ends at the tip of the penis. In females, the urethra is very short. It also starts at the bladder, but ends about one inch away near the opening of the vagina.

Anatomy examples:

  • Genitourinary system
  • Bladder and lower urinary tract in women
  • Bladder and lower urinary tract in men

Last Updated: Nov 4, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Female Urethral Syndrome References
  1. Haarala M, Kiilholma P, Lehtonen OP. Urinary bacterial flora of women with urethral syndrome and interstitial cystitis. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 1999;47(1):42-4. [9852391]
  2. Mutlu B, Mutlu N, Yucesoy G. The incidence of Chlamydia trachomatis in women with urethral syndrome. Int J Clin Pract. 2001 Oct;55(8):525-6. [11695072]
  3. Skerk V, Schonwald S, Krhen I, Rusinovic M, Strapac Z, Vukovic J. Azithromycin and doxycycline in the treatment of female patients with acute urethral syndrome caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum: significance of duration of clinical symptoms. Drugs Exp Clin Res. 2001;27(4):135-9. [11822223]
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