Failing Heart Surgery
Surgical options for the treatment of congestive heart failure include:
Heart valve replacement or repair:
Valvular surgery can help many patients with severe aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, mitral stenosis, and mitral regurgitation.
Coronary artery bypass grafting:
In this procedure, vein grafts are taken from the patient's leg and then used to reconstruct a new coronary vessel. In certain patients, surgery can remove scarred heart tissue to improve overall pumping action.
Some individuals with severe heart failure and pulmonary hypertension may be candidates for heart lung transplantation. Heart transplantation is becoming more and more effective with the advent of chemical agents that suppress the immune response and inhibit organ rejection.
Also referred to as cardiac resynchronization therapy, it involves the placement of two pacemaker electrodes in the heart: one in the front and one in the back of the heart. This procedure has been shown to improve exercise capacity as well as prolong life.
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