Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Anatomy

Facial Weakness Anatomy

To better understand facial weakness, it helps to understand the anatomy of the face.

The bones of the face include:

  • Frontal bone:
    • Forehead
  • Mandible:
Lower jaw
  • Maxilla:
    • Inner cheek bones
  • Nasal bones
  • Zygoma:
    • Outer cheek bones

Anatomy of the face includes:
  • Bones of the face and skull
  • Muscles of the face
  • Arteries and nerves of the face
  • The orbit
  • The nasal bones
  • The jaw
  • Temporal artery and parotid gland
  • Salivary glands
  • Trigeminal nerve

Last Updated: Nov 3, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Facial Weakness References
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  2. Piercy J. Bell's palsy. BMJ. 2005 Jun 11;330(7504):1374. [15947400]
  3. Salinas R. Bell's palsy. Clin Evid. 2003 Dec;(10):1504-7. [15555157]
  4. Salinas RA, Alvarez G, Ferreira J. Corticosteroids for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004 Oct 18;(4):CD001942. [15495021]
  5. Tiemstra JD, Khatkhate N. Bell's palsy: diagnosis and management. Am Fam Physician. 2007 Oct 1;76(7):997-1002. [17956069]
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